What Causes Teeth Calculus?

Written By: Ehsan Jahandarpour

what causes teeth calculus

Several factors influence the development of dental calculus. They include age, gender, diet, ethnicity, tobacco use, and oral hygiene. Here are some of the most common factors. Fortunately, there are many preventive measures, which you can take to keep your teeth healthy. Keeping your teeth clean is essential to prevent tooth decay and prevent the appearance of dental calculus.


Plaque, or dental plaque, is a substance that is a combination of organic and inorganic components. It has a mineral proportion that ranges from 40 to 60 percent, depending on its location in the dentition. It is composed mainly of calcium phosphate, with some organic materials like proteins, carbohydrates, and a small proportion of lipids.

Calculus develops as a result of this buildup. The minerals in plaque absorb into the teeth and form a hard deposit on the surface of the teeth. This deposit can cause the gums to bleed, and may lead to gingivitis, a form of periodontal disease. It is also a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The bacteria found in calculus can travel from the teeth and gums to the bloodstream, where they can cause clots and infections in the heart.

Sugary or starchy foods

Too much sugar and starches can cause the formation of plaque on the teeth. This bacteria can irritate the gums and damage the teeth, causing tooth decay. It is essential to practice good oral hygiene to avoid dental problems like tooth decay and calculus. However, starchy foods and drinks are not the only culprits of tartar buildup.

Tooth decay occurs when acid from within the mouth attacks the tooth’s outer layer, called enamel. This acid is produced by the bacteria that live in plaque, a sticky film on the teeth. The bacteria in plaque interact with the sugar in these foods and produce acid. This acid attacks the tooth’s enamel, which eventually causes cavities. If left untreated, cavities can lead to abscesses, tooth loss, and even tooth extraction.


The prevalence of bacteria in plaque and calculus is a good indicator of the presence of oral disease, but how do we know which species cause the problem? A new study shows that the species that cause calculus differ from the species responsible for plaque. It also shows that the “red complex” species are significantly more abundant in calculus than in plaque. The presence of these species in plaque and calculus is an indicator of the presence of oral disease and biofilm pathogenicity.

The most common species that cause calculus include the Gram-negative bacteria. However, they are not the only species that cause calculus. The study also identifies a number of species that are associated with periodontal disease. The researchers found that several species contribute to the classification of plaque and calculus at different sites, with some species being more prevalent at periodontal disease sites than in healthy sites.

Poor oral hygiene

People suffering from poor oral hygiene are at higher risk of developing teeth calculus. This condition is caused by plaque that builds up on the teeth and gums. The bacteria can travel to the lungs through normal breathing, and this can lead to respiratory complications like pneumonia. Proper oral hygiene involves brushing and flossing regularly. Getting professional cleanings is a good idea, too, as these professionals are able to clean areas that you cannot reach with a toothbrush.

Calculus is the result of a buildup of dental plaque and tartar. Both are formed by bacteria that digest carbohydrates and sugars. Brushing and flossing properly removes plaque and tartar, but brushing alone will not remove calculus.

Surgical debridement

Surgical debridement for teeth is a procedure that can help patients who suffer from teeth calculus. This procedure is done to remove the hard deposits on teeth, which cause gum inflammation and bleeding gums. It is performed with the help of an ultrasonic device that uses high-frequency vibrations to separate the calculus from the tooth. The process can improve gum health and prevent future problems.

This treatment is used to remove thick deposits on teeth that are impossible to remove through normal cleaning. It is also needed when the calculus is so deep that it prevents the dentist from performing a cavity check. Sometimes, the dental procedure is performed before a regular cleaning.


If you notice a buildup of calculus on your teeth, you should visit your dentist for a thorough cleaning. This procedure is generally painless, but you may be given a local anesthetic if the buildup extends past the gumline. In addition, you should practice good oral hygiene in order to prevent calculus bridges from forming in the future.

Dental calculus occurs when dental plaque becomes too hard. It’s a result of minerals reacting with bacteria in the plaque. This forms a rough surface on the teeth that creates a breeding ground for more plaque to form. This can lead to periodontal disease. It may form at the gumline or in the narrow sulcus between teeth.

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