NYC


Written By: Ehsan Jahandarpour

Pennsylvania Station, also known as New York Penn Station or Penn Station, is the main intercity railroad station in New York City. Serving over 600,000 commuter rail and Amtrak passengers a day at a rate of up to one thousand passengers every 90 seconds, it is the busiest passenger transportation facility in the United States and in North America. The station is located in the midtown area of Manhattan and is close to Herald Square, the Empire State Building, Koreatown, and the Macy’s department store. The station is underground beneath Madison Square Garden, between Seventh Avenue and Eighth Avenue and between 31st and 34th Streets. Penn Station has 21 tracks fed by seven tunnels (the North River Tunnels, the East River Tunnels, and the Empire Connection tunnel). Penn Station is at the center of the Northeast Corridor, a passenger rail line which connects New York City with Boston, Philadelphia, Washington, D.C. and intermediate points. Intercity trains are operated by Amtrak which owns the station, while commuter rail services are operated by the Long Island Rail Road and New Jersey Transit. Connections are available within the complex to the New York City Subway, and bus services. The original Pennsylvania Station was inspired by the Gare d’Orsay in Paris (the world’s first electrified rail terminal) and was constructed by the Pennsylvania Railroad from 1901 to 1910. After a decline in passenger usage during the 1950s the original station was demolished in 1963 and replaced in 1969 with the current station. Future plans for Pennsylvania Station include the possibility of relocating some trains into the adjacent Farley Post Office, a building designed by the same architects as the original 1910 Pennsylvania Station structure.