Written By: Ehsan Jahandarpour

A gendarmerie or gendarmery ( or ) is, in principle, a military force charged with police duties among civilian populations. Members of such a force are typically called “gendarmes”. The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary describes gendarme as “a soldier who is employed on police duties” and a “gendarmery, -erie” as “gendarmes as a body”. Modern civilian police forces may retain the title of “gendarmerie” for historic reasons.