Tallinn (, ) is the capital and largest city of Estonia. Tallinn occupies an area of and has a population of 435,245. It is situated on the northern coast of the country, on the shore of the Gulf of Finland, south of Helsinki, east of Stockholm and west of Saint Petersburg. Tallinn’s Old Town is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is ranked as a global city and has been listed among the top 10 digital cities in the world. The city was a European Capital of Culture for 2011, along with Turku in Finland. The city was known as Reval from the 13th century until 1917 and again during the Nazi occupation of Estonia from 1941 to 1944. Approximately 32% of Estonia’s total population lives in Tallinn.