Race and ethnicity in the United States


Written By: Ehsan Jahandarpour

The United States of America has a racially and ethnically diverse population. At the federal level, race and ethnicity have been categorized separately. The most recent United States Census officially recognized five racial categories (White, Black or African American, Asian American, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander) as well as people of two or more races. The Census Bureau also classified respondents as “Hispanic or Latino” or “Not Hispanic or Latino”, identifying Hispanic and Latino as an ethnicity (not a race), which comprises the largest minority group in the nation. The Census also asked an “Ancestry Question,” which covers the broader notion of ethnicity, in the 2000 Census long form and the 2010 American Community Survey; the question worded diff