identity


Written By: Ehsan Jahandarpour

In psychology, sociology, and anthropology, identity is a person’s conception and expression of their own (self-identity) and others’ individuality or group affiliations (such as national identity and cultural identity). Identity is the qualities, beliefs, personality traits, appearance, and/or expressions that characterize a person or group. In sociology, emphasis is placed on collective identity, in which an individual’s identity is strongly associated with role-behavior or the collection of group memberships that define them. According to Peter Burke, “Identities tell us who we are and they announce to others who we are.” Identities subsequently guide behavior, leading “fathers” to behave like “fathers” and “nurses” to act like “nurses.”