Abacá


Written By: Ehsan Jahandarpour

Abacá (/ɑːbəˈkɑː/ ah-bə-KAH; Filipino: Abaka locally [ɐbɐˈka]), binomial name Musa textilis, is a species of banana native to the Philippines, grown as a commercial crop in the Philippines, Ecuador, and Costa Rica. The plant, also known as Manila hemp, has great economic importance, being harvested for its fiber, also called Manila hemp, extracted from the leaf-stems. Abacá is also the traditional source of lustrous fiber hand-loomed into various indigenous textiles in the Philippines like t’nalak, as well as colonial-era sheer luxury fabrics known as . They are also the source of fibers for , a loosely woven stiff material used for textiles as well as in traditional Philippine millinery.